Do Rooster Lay Eggs? If you’re about to start a chicken farm or just curious about the chickens, then you must be wondering if roosters lay eggs. From basic biology, you know that it’s the females who give birth or lay the eggs. And accordingly, it’s the hen who take up this task.
So do you even need a rooster on your farm for the hen to lay eggs? While a rooster doesn’t lay eggs, it does play a role. And so, to answer your question, no roosters do not lay eggs.
But roosters do play a role in the fertilization of the eggs. This article explains the topic in brief.
Do Rooster Lay Eggs? Formation of a Chicken Egg
If you’re concerned about the eggs, then you should know how it forms in the first place.
Fowl eggs come in various shapes and sizes. Even they vary in color from white to medium-brown. The most common types of eggs you’ll come across in your nearest grocery store are either medium or large in size.
When you break through the outer eggshell, you’ll find the egg yolk and white-yellow liquid.
So it’s worth asking how to do the eggs form.
Hens, who are the female chickens, lay the eggs. And they do not need roosters to be around to lay the eggs. They do so whenever the appropriate time comes.
But the eggs that are formed in this is different from the one that’s formed when the rooster is around.
Basically, it’s an unfertilized egg. Which means it will never hatch and produce chicks. It’s the fertilized eggs that hatch into chicks.
Therefore, many farm owners get a continuous supply of eggs even when they do not have roosters on their farm.
Birds lay eggs around the springtime. And the reason is the lengthening of daylight. If you keep ducks on your farm, then they’ll start producing eggs by the end of March. In April, some ducks even lay one egg per day.
Chickens, too, follow this pattern. They need eight to ten hours of light per day to lay the eggs. And the lengthened daytime is the perfect stimulant for them.
To trick the hens, farm owners employ artificial lighting systems. If properly arranged, this trick does work.
The bottom line is whenever the spring sets in, the hens will lay the eggs, irrespective of whether or not the rooster is around.
Do Roosters Play a Role in Egg Formation?
As evident from the above section, egg formation doesn’t require a rooster to be involved. They can happen naturally if the hen receives an adequate amount of light.
But roosters are necessary if you want to produce fertilized eggs, the ones that will hatch into chicks.
Just like other animal species, chickens need to mate to reproduce. Springtime is the time of the year when the chickens mate. After the winter season is over, they spend more time roaming around and flocking together.
This is also the time when the rooster tries to attract a female companion. This is done by a mating dance. You’ll notice the rooster circle around the hen and move his feet with the wings stretched downwards.
From time to time, the rooster will scratch the ground. It’s not for food, but to impress the hen.
He is intentionally marking his territory, and that’d prevent other roosters from entering.
The reproductive organ of the chickens is the Cloaca. It is the hole through which they urinate and defecate. And Cloaca is also used to transfer the sperm from the rooster to the hens, which then goes on to fertilize the eggs.
Chickens mate between 20-30 times a day, and that’s enough to successfully transfer the sperm.
Does Chicken Get Pregnant?
Even if there’s the transfer of sperm, the rooster does not impregnate the hen. Thus, if the hen is not impregnated, she will not be considered pregnant.
The hen will lay eggs that are either fertilized by the rooster’s sperm or unfertilized. The hen never gets pregnant that will decide whether she’ll lay the eggs or not.
The unfertilized eggs are the ones that make it to the grocery stores. They’re produced on a large-scale year-round and are meant for selling purposes.
Fertilized eggs are meant for breeding and to grow the number of chickens. The hens will sit on the fertilized eggs to warm and hatch them.
The most important condition for eggs to hatch is that the temperature should be 99 degrees F for at least 24 hours straight. The body temperature of the hen creates this ideal condition.
So Why People Keep Rooster?
Now that you know roosters are not involved in the egg-making process (not at least in the fertilized sets), so why do we even bother raising rooster? They do not even lay eggs themselves.
The primary reason why farm owners raise rooster is to keep the numbers increasing. With the rooster around, the hens will lay fertilized eggs, which will hatch into chickens. This cycle of the reproduction will increase the number naturally.
Without fertilization and reproduction, the numbers will decline, and you’ll see a reduction in the flock size.
The second reason why owners keep roosters is that they protect the flock from predators. They fight against other bird species who try to invade the flock and steal a few hens.
Just like males of the other species are protective, roosters tend to be protective too towards the hens and chicks.
The third reason is for meat. They do not have much meat under their skin and feathers. Moreover, the meat is considered tougher and stingy in some ways.
But they’re a good source of meat nonetheless. So with a rooster in your backyard, you can always cook a tasty chicken soup for dinner.
To Sum up
So roosters do not lay eggs. Their role is only to fertilize the eggs that will later hatch into chickens.
Hens, irrespective of whether or not there’s a rooster around, will lay the eggs. If it’s unfertilized, then it can only be used for consumption. Fertilized eggs can either be used for consumption or for raising chicks.
So it’s a decision you need to make if you’re starting a chicken farm.