Every year at the end of summer, plums or plums is suddenly everywhere. The sweet fruits can be found on the meadows along the path, in the local fruit bowl, and on the cake. Some dogs can’t get enough of it either. But are plums healthy for dogs?
Dog ate plums – Can dogs eat plums?
Dogs should only eat plums in exceptional cases. Plums can cause indigestion and tend to ferment. In addition, the kernels are not entirely harmless, because they can get stuck in the digestive tract and also contain poisonous hydrogen cyanide.
Can dogs be allergic to plums?
That is possible. However, allergies to plums are not common. However, if your dog cannot tolerate other stone fruits such as cherries or peaches, it is advisable to be very careful with plums as well.
Intolerance reactions are more often based on intolerance to the fructose of plums. If so, your dog will likely get gas and diarrhea.
The plum peels ferment – be careful, alcohol!
Funny scenes with drunk dogs have been seen in various films and comics. This is not a fairy tale, because some fruits ferment very quickly.
In the case of plums, the reason is that a relatively large number of yeasts naturally settle on the skin.
If plums lie on the ground for a while after they have fallen from the tree, the yeasts start the fermentation process. This also happens when plums are stored incorrectly.
But it can also happen in the body during digestion, which is why plums can also lead to gas.
The alcoholic fermentation is not to be underestimated and alcohol poisoning has already occurred in dogs who had supplied themselves with windfalls in their gardens or on orchards.
If your dog has the opportunity to serve itself on or under plum trees, you should take care to prevent this from happening. Perhaps you can look out for plum trees on the edge of your usual routes before the harvest time in August so that you know where to put your four-legged friend on a leash during the plum season.
In your garden you can try to collect plums from the ground faster than your dog or if possible not leave him unattended. Depending on the size of the plum tree, you can also fence it in.
Hydrocyanic acid is at the core
You shouldn’t give your dog whole plums because of the stones. Plums belong to the rose family and like all their relatives, the plum also has a cyanide compound in its core that releases hydrogen cyanide during the digestive process.
Small dogs that have eaten large quantities of plums are, particularly at risk. The symptoms of hydrogen cyanide poisoning are:
- excessive salivation,
- dilated pupils,
- Circulatory problems and
The dog’s breath then smells like bitter almond.
If you notice these signs after your dog has eaten plums, it is imperative to see the vet immediately. You can give him charcoal pills to get there.
With a little luck, some of the toxins will be bound before they get into the organism.
Ingested kernels can also lead to health problems because they get stuck in the digestive tract or cause injuries with sharp break edges.
Dried plums are a natural laxative for dogs
Fresh plums already have a very stimulating effect on digestion because they contain a lot of pectins and the peel is indigestible (i.e. fiber). Dried plums have the same effect on dogs – but in a concentrated form!
If your dog is constipated, prunes can help his digestion. The right dosage is not easy to find. For small dogs, half a dried plum can be enough.
Plum cake and plum jam
Cooked plums are slightly more digestible for dogs than raw ones. Plum compote no longer contains any living yeast on the skins and is largely free of seeds. Even so, the pods are still very difficult to digest and can form gases in the intestines.
Your dog shouldn’t nibble on the plum cake. A yeast dough that may not be fully baked can lead to even more intensive fermentation processes. The result is severe flatulence.
Plum jam is harmless because it contains neither pips nor peel. Due to the high sugar content, it is neither recommendable nor healthy.
How healthy are other seeds for your dog?
All fruits from the botanical rose family contain prussic acid or prussic acid precursors in the core. Therefore, you should only feed apricots, peaches, and nectarines without seeds.
Apples belong to the same family and their kernels also contain a hydrogen cyanide precursor. But apple kernels are so small that they are rather harmless. A slight bitter almond odor is noticeable.
Is there any dog food with plums?
So far, no manufacturer has produced food or snacks with plums. Even newer preparations that contain small amounts of berries or other fruits do not use plums at all.
Dogs live better without plums
Plums carry the risk of poisoning, indigestion, and injuries from swallowed seeds. So there is no reason to give them to dogs.
However, if your dog accidentally eats a few plums or a piece of plum cake, it can survive it unscathed.
But a dog does not miss anything if it does without plums. Their vitamin and mineral content is not so high that it is worth taking a risk.