There are certain types of fruit and vegetables that dogs should not be fed at all as they can seriously harm their health.
If you have decided to start the BARF diet with your dog or you like to prepare food for your four-legged friends, you must remember that despite being omnivorous, the dog is basically carnivorous and must consume small portions of fruit and vegetables, which correspond to 25% of the total of its food. For this reason, from MyCuteAnimals we offer you a complete list of fruits and vegetables prohibited for dogs to preserve their health.
What are the foods that are bad for dogs?
Many people think they can share many of the foods inside the house with their four-legged friends thinking that if they are suitable for us, they are also suitable for them, but this is not the case. You must know that there are fruits and vegetables that dogs cannot eat and that, consequently, they should not be offered, because their health depends on the owners.
Before talking about toxic fruits for dogs, it is good to underline that what is absolutely forbidden to give to our four-legged friends are the seeds and kernels of any fruit (peaches, apples, apricots, cherries, plums, etc.) as they contain a high content of Amygdalin, which in the dog’s intestine becomes hydrogen cyanide (i.e. cyanide), thus resulting potentially lethal. The dog, by mistake, could ingest one of these stones or seeds that can go wrong and risk choking him or causing an intestinal obstruction.
In this article, you will find a list and an exhaustive explanation of all the fruits and vegetables that are prohibited for dogs, starting with a list of the fruits not to be given to dogs, in whole or in part, and then moving on to talking about each fruit specifically:
- citrus fruits
- grapes and raisins
- dried fruit
Other fruits, on the other hand, such as apples and bananas, can be given to dogs, but it is important to pay attention to the doses, which to be harmless depending on the size of the dog. If you decide to have your dog follow a diet based on home recipes, consult your veterinarian.
Can Dogs Eat Avocado?
Avocado is definitely the most popular superfood in recent times, it can be found in almost all supermarkets and is the undisputed star of any self- respecting brunch. But the question is, can avocado be given to dogs? The answer is yes, but you have to be very careful to avoid seeds, peel, and leaves because they contain persin, a substance that is toxic to dogs and which has a fungicidal function. It is for this reason that we often hear that avocado is one of the toxic fruits for dogs, but in reality, the pulp is harmless and indeed, has many beneficial properties: it contains high levels of potassium, good fats
If the dog swallows the parts of the avocado that contain persin, he will vomit, have stomach pain, and, in the worst cases, suffer from pancreatitis. Furthermore, if ingested regularly, the animal could have lung or heart failure.
Can the dog eat oranges, lemons, tangerines?
Can orange or tangerine be given to dogs? Although many people are convinced that citrus fruits are highly toxic to animals, they are actually not that harmful to them, as long as they are not given to dogs regularly, also because the high sugar content can promote obesity. So can dogs eat oranges, lemons, tangerines, and the rest of the citrus fruits?
Citrus fruits are famous because they are an excellent source of vitamin C, but we advise you to be careful in offering them to the dog because he could suffer from gastrointestinal problems such as vomiting, stomach pain, and diarrhea when faced with the habitual consumption of these fruits. Even if they don’t lead to serious illness, the minor health ailments caused by citrus fruits are not good for your dog, so avoid giving him this type of fruit and try to offer him other foods.
In particular, lemon can cause acidity and gastrointestinal problems, first of all, vomiting and diarrhea. We at MyCuteAnimals recommend that you avoid giving citrus fruits to dogs because there is still no research that can prove that citrus fruits are actually beneficial or dangerous for dogs. If in doubt, consult your veterinarian.
Can Dogs Eat Grapes or Raisins?
Another fruit that is toxic and potentially lethal for the dog is grapes, even in the form of raisins. It is not known exactly which component gives the intolerance, however, it is known that both grapes and raisins damage the kidneys and liver. If the dog ingests a large number of grapes, he risks suffering from kidney failure and in general, if he ingests them regularly, he can have kidney problems.
What is toxic to dogs, in particular, are the seeds, so always check that the garbage is tightly closed and that the dog does not eat grapes or any seeds thrown in the garbage.
Can Dogs Eat Apricot?
When it comes to forbidden foods for our dogs and especially fruit that our four-legged friends cannot eat, many people have asked if apricot can be given to dogs. The answer is yes, but as with all other fruits, those that are forbidden and those that can be eaten (cherries, apples, peaches, etc.), the stone must be removed. Both the seeds and the stone of all fruits contain amygdalin which, once metabolized by the dog’s body, turns into cyanide, thus becoming potentially lethal.
This happens if the dog ingests a broken stone or if he chews it, but that does not mean that if he ingests it whole he is not in any danger, as it could become blocked and cause intestinal obstruction, especially if the dog is small.
Can you give dried fruit to dogs?
Another category of fruit that is toxic to dogs is dried fruit. Let’s say that in small doses and sporadically these foods are not bad for dogs, but it is always better to consult your vet to avoid nasty surprises. However, the dried fruit to never, ever give to dogs are macadamia nuts and, as we have already said, raisins.
Vegetables Prohibited For Dogs
So far we have explained which fruits are potentially toxic for dogs, but another question that those who want to make their dog follow a home diet is: what are the vegetables that dogs cannot eat? Some examples of vegetables prohibited for dogs, in whole or in part, which we will discuss in detail are the following:
To find out which fruits and vegetables to give your dog, instead, we invite you to read the following article: Fruits and vegetables that dogs can eat . For example, some vegetables that do not fall into the category of foods forbidden for dogs are carrots, squash, asparagus and as regards legumes, peas, because chickpeas and beans can cause excessive flatulence in the dog. We remind you that fruit and vegetables must represent about 10-15% of the dog‘s diet and ensure that it is always balanced and that the dog receives all the nutrients it needs, we invite you to style it with the help of the trusted veterinarian.
Onions and garlic
Onions, garlic, leeks, and spring onions are toxic vegetables for your dog. Feeding them these vegetables daily or too much at once could be a problem because they contain Thiosulfate, which destroys red blood cells and therefore increases the risk of your dog suffering from anemia.
As for garlic for dogs (and also for cats), there is an open debate that divides veterinarians and experts in the sector specialized in nutrition. Those who claim that garlic is not bad for dogs, explain that this food has excellent anti-parasitic properties and can be used both as a natural remedy in case of an infestation in dogs and as a preventive measure for the same problem. Those who argue that garlic is bad for dogs to explain that there are still no reliable studies to advise dog owners to add this food to the diet of their four-legged friend. However, everyone agrees that the degree of garlic toxicity for dogs depends on the dose.
Can Dogs Eat Potatoes?
Raw potatoes, as well as leaves and shoots, have a high solanine content. You must know that substance solanine is not only toxic to dogs but also humans. Many people believe that potatoes cannot be given to dogs and that these tubers are on the list of prohibited foods for dogs, but this is not entirely true. Potatoes can only be given to dogs when cooked and the best way to do it before giving them to your four-legged friend is by boiling them.
Potatoes for dogs are only bad if eaten raw, but in this state, they would also be harmful to us humans. Remember that the same goes for other types of tubers, such as sweet potatoes, so you will need to boil them before giving any potato to your dog.
Can Dogs Eat Tomatoes?
a green tomato or the tomato plant, In fact, he risks suffering from weakness and intestinal problems and if he were to ingest such a large quantity of them to become intoxicated, the symptoms will be vomiting, sialorrhea, diarrhea, or constipation, dilated pupils, etc.
Green tomatoes, therefore, are among the foods forbidden for dogs, while our four-legged friends can eat ripe red tomatoes, without exaggerating. The safe dose depends in particular on the size of the dog and its health condition. If he tends to suffer from kidney or gastrointestinal problems, we advise you not to give tomatoes to your dog.
Can Dogs Eat Eggplant?
Eggplants also contain solanine. Solanine in high doses can be toxic, but it should be specified that it is found on the green part of the eggplant and in the skin, while there is very little of it in the pulp. To give the eggplant to the dog we recommend asking the vet what is the right amount not to exceed.
If your dog becomes poisoned due to eggplant, he will start having vomiting, intestinal problems, and breathing problems and the intensity will depend on the severity of the poisoning. As with tomatoes, if your pet regularly has kidney or gastrointestinal problems (or if they are chronic), it is best to avoid giving them.