When you spot a lump, bump or abnormal growth on the body of your pet, it is quite scary. The first thought that comes to the mind of a cat owner is ‘cancer’. However, there are several conditions, like sebaceous adenoma, where the lumps are harmless and there is no need to worry. Sebaceous adenoma in cats is a benign tumor originating from the ducts or glands.
In this guide, let us try to learn more about this health condition in cats, discuss its symptoms, complications and treatment options to help cat owners understand what they should expect.
Sebaceous Adenoma In Cats – What You Should Know?
Sebaceous adenoma is one of the types of skin tumors that cats develop as they grow old. The sebaceous glands of these pets are meant to produce an oily substance named sebum. The hair follicles on the skin have tiny ducts of the sebaceous glands. Sebaceous adenoma is more commonly seen in certain breeds of cats. The risks of developing this tumor increases as the cat ages.
While the sebaceous adenoma looks quite scary, like warts, it is a common kind of tumor in cats and should not be worried about. It is a non-cancerous tumor that doesn’t pose danger to a cat and it can be left untreated in most cases. It occurs as a protrusion on multiple parts of the cat’s body including neck, head, back, limbs and eyelids. They are often hairless and look like cauliflower rooted firmly into the skin.
Sebaceous adenoma in cats is diagnosed on the basis of the examination and history of the growth. Your vet may ask you questions about the appearance and number of masses growing on the cat’s body. The vet also performs a physical examination to find out whether the mass contains oil or is attached to the skin. The cat is checked for signs of pain or discomfort. They may also perform a fine needle aspiration that removes some cells from the growth for further evaluation and diagnosis.
Sebaceous Adenoma Cat Treatment
Treatment of sebaceous adenoma in cats can take several forms. In most cases, these tumors don’t affect the pets and there is no discomfort or interference with their everyday lives. If the growth does not progress, you can leave it untreated as long as it does not bother the cat. Sometimes, these tumors can turn malignant. If you see multiple tumors growing on the body or the color of the tumor changing, you should consult a vet to determine the treatment options.
Sometimes, you may need to get the adenoma removed through a surgical procedure. The vet can administer a local anesthetic and remove the mass. This is necessary when the tumor is growing near the eyelid or mouth of your cat, causing further implications from rubbing or eating. Grooming procedures can also sometimes cause a wound in the area and require attention. If you find the tumor breaking open and bleeding or getting infected from chewing or rubbing, you should take veterinary advice at the earliest.
Large Lump Appeared On Cat Overnight?
It is not uncommon to see your pet developing a lump overnight. You might have seen the cat in a good state on the previous day and you start wondering what to do next. Lumps can appear on any part of the body, neck, legs or anywhere. There are several reasons lumps can develop such speedily and they can be both cancerous and non-cancerous. The only way to identify the condition is by taking your pet to a vet to assess the cause of the lump and understand what to do next.
The most common causes of lump appearing on a cat’s body are sebaceous cysts and adenomas. These are non-cancerous growths on the skin of the cat. While sebaceous cyst occurs from blocked hair follicles, the sebaceous adenoma is a tumor originating from the glands that produce sebum. These lumps are harmless and may not need surgical removal most of the time. However, it is best to consult a vet to figure out the exact condition and treatment options.
While you can always wait before taking the cat to a vet, look for signs and behavior to understand how serious the situation is. If your feline seems to be fine and the lump is not painful or smelling, it may not be an emergency and you can schedule an appointment with the vet. However, if the pet is lethargic, shows signs of illnesses or has a lost appetite, you should head directly to a hospital.
Sebaceous Adenoma Vs Papilloma
Both sebaceous adenoma and papilloma are benign tumors that grow at a slow rate and are harmless. Sebaceous adenoma is a non-cancerous tumor affecting the sebaceous glands that lubricate the skin in pets. They can develop anywhere on the skin and are more likely to affect older cats. Sebaceous papilloma, on the other hand, are benign growths that resemble warts seen in humans. They are small, rough and round and generally found around the mouth though they can develop anywhere on the body including eyelids and paws.
Sebaceous papilloma, unlike adenoma, is caused by a virus and affects younger cats as they are less immune to such viruses. The growth is harmless and goes away on its own as the pet’s immune system fights the virus off. Both these types of tumors can be removed surgically if secondary complications are noted.