Like humans, dogs can be constipated. The causes and consequences can be more or less serious and you should carefully monitor your dog’s general health.
There are several reasons your dog can be constipated. Lack of activity, poor diet, bone consumption, or serious illness. It is possible to facilitate transit by following a few simple rules. But if your dog is in pain, you need to see him urgently.
Why is my dog constipated? – What are the symptoms?
A normal dog defecates on average twice a day. A constipated dog will try to defecate unsuccessfully or will pass hard small, and dry feces. Sometimes pain appears during defecation, this is called tenesmus and the dog “pushes” abnormally. Constipation can also in some cases be accompanied by bleeding. The constipated dog can lose his appetite and even vomit. Her stomach is maybe a little more swollen than usual.
The causes of constipation
Lack of exercise
The lack of exercise can cause constipation phenomenon. If your dog spends most of his days lying down, intestinal transit can be greatly slowed down. This is the case with dogs who go out too little or who take too short walks. This is also the case with older dogs, who have more difficulty moving around.
A poor diet or lack of water
A poor diet can cause constipation. Low-end processed food can be responsible. Always prefer a premium diet with a food high in meat and fresh products for your dog. The Sam & Lily brand offers you this type of healthy diet with little or no grain for your dog. This is also the case for foods that are too low in fiber or if your dog is not drinking enough. The stools are dry, the efforts are increased, and the bowel movement can become painful.
ingestion can lead to constipation.
The occlusion or obstruction of the digestive tract can be very serious. Dogs sometimes swallow objects, tissue, plastic … Generally, either they will vomit, or they will evacuate the object by natural means. But it can also get stuck in the digestive tract. Your dog will then stop eating, reject everything he eats, his general condition will deteriorate quickly and he will not have a bowel movement.
There are other causes of constipation. An obese or overweight dog may have difficulty defecating. Internal parasites usually cause diarrhea, but can also lead to constipation. Stress or anxiety is also possibly involved, as is the use of certain medications.
Advice on how to fix it
If your dog is not moving enough, he should be given some exercise. Go for long walks and do not come home as soon as he has had his needs, because he could restrain himself to prolong his outings. Choose a diet rich in fiber. Opt for semi-whole grains instead of white or whole grains. Don’t give him any bones and make sure your dog always has water available. You can moisten his kibble if you find that he is not drinking enough or gradually alternate with mash. Remember to deworm your pet regularly.
Dog constipation: examinations and treatments
Constipation without tenesmus, without loss of general condition, and other symptoms does not constitute a danger to the health of the dog.
Care must be taken to increase the proportion of fiber in the ration of the constipated dog by offering him vegetables cooked with his usual ration such as green beans or zucchini. If you don’t feel like cooking you can also buy boxes of diet food pies from your vet that contain more fiber than normal foods. Some dogs can have temporary constipation following a big stressful stroke (such as moving or being in a kennel).
If your dog has other symptoms in addition to constipation, if constipation becomes chronic or if increasing the proportion of vegetables in his ration with vegetables is not enough, it is strongly recommended to consult your veterinarian.
The veterinarian will begin with a classic clinical examination. He will complete the examination with a rectal examination to check for the presence of an obstruction or rectal lesion. He will also do careful palpation of the stomach to feel the stools but also any abdominal pain. To this, he will surely add a biochemical assessment to identify the causes of metabolic constipation and an X-ray of the abdomen. In many cases, he will also be able to schedule an abdominal ultrasound, in particular in the event of prostatic hyperplasia with suspicion of an abscess or tumor. Ultrasound also makes it possible to verify that digestive motility is still normal, the presence of foreign body inducing intestinal obstruction,
Depending on the diagnosis, the veterinarian may be required to give oral or intra-rectal laxatives as well as treatments adapted to the disease responsible for constipation. Some constipated dogs will see their ration modified to avoid recurrence and help the regular elimination of droppings (vegetables and other fibers of plant origin, wet ration, etc.).
When to consult?
If your dog appears to be in pain, has a round back, and is having difficulty moving, this is an emergency and you should see him as soon as possible. If there is no bowel movement for thirty-six hours, take your dog to the vet.